<< Return to News Overview

The Evolving Demographics of the Black Population in Canada

In 2021, Canada reported a Black population of 1.5 million, illustrating a significant growth trend as evidenced by the census data. The Black community experienced its most substantial increase (+349,000) between 2016 and 2021, now representing 4.3% of the total population and 16.1% of the racialized population. According to Statistics Canada’s projections, the Black population is expected to double to over 3.0 million by 2041.

It is noteworthy that the Black demographic in Canada skews younger compared to the overall population, with a median age of 30.2 years in 2021, contrasting with 41.2 years for the entire population. Children under 15 years old accounted for 26.1% of the Black population, while comprising 16.5% of the total population. Conversely, individuals aged 65 years and above made up 7.4% of the Black population, in contrast to 18.1% of the total population in the same age category. This data sheds light on the age distribution within the Black community in Canada and its implications for various sectors such as education, healthcare, and social services.

Furthermore, the increasing youthfulness of the Black population could have significant implications for future workforce dynamics, cultural influences, and societal trends in Canada. As the Black community continues to grow and diversify, it is essential to consider these demographic shifts in policymaking, resource allocation, and community engagement initiatives to ensure inclusivity, equity, and social cohesion across all sectors of Canadian society.


  • The Daily — The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country’s religious and ethnocultural diversity
  • Focus on Geography Series, 2021 Census – Canada
  • Visible minority by immigrant status and period of immigration: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts
Scroll to Top