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The Diverse Origins and Cultural Identities of Black Canadians

Canada stands as the primary place of birth for the Black population. In 2021, over 40% of Black individuals were born in Canada, representing a diverse demographic comprising those with multi-generational roots in the country alongside immigrants and their offspring.

Approximately one-third (32.6%) of the Black population was born in Africa, with significant proportions originating from countries such as Nigeria (7.1%), Ethiopia (2.8%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2.4%). Additionally, 21.0% were born in the Caribbean and Bermuda, predominantly hailing from Jamaica (8.8%) and Haiti (7.2%).

The Black population in Canada reported over 300 ethnic or cultural origins, showcasing the rich diversity within the community. Among the top ten frequently reported origins were African, Jamaican, Haitian, Canadian, Black (no further specification), Somali, Nigerian, African Caribbean, Congolese, and Yoruba.

Moreover, a variety of religions were embraced by the Black population, with Christian (25.9%), Catholic (18.1%), Muslim (11.9%), and Pentecostal (8.0%) being the predominant affiliations. Notably, close to 18.0% of Black Canadians identified as having no religious affiliation, reflecting the diversity of spiritual beliefs within the community.

These demographic insights provide a comprehensive overview of the diverse origins, cultural backgrounds, and religious affiliations present among the Black population in Canada, underscoring the community’s rich tapestry of identities and traditions.


  • The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country’s religious and ethnocultural diversity
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